Chemistry is a key contributor to the SDG. “Sustainable Chemistry” provides solutions trough energy efficient processes (catalysis), sustainable chemicals, improved fossil fuels and biofuels, renewable energy storage, circular chemistry (plastics and wastes recycling or transformation), CO2 capture and reuse, etc. In many cases collaboration between universities and industry is important.
On 25 September 2015 the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development . In the preamble the authors say: “The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and 169 targets which we are announcing today demonstrate the scale and ambition of this new universal Agenda… They are integrated and indivisible and balance the three dimensions of sustainable development: the economic, social and environmental.” The SDG came officially into force on 1 January 2016. On the other hand on 12 December 2015 in Paris, the 21st Session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) ended with the commitment of the parties to make their best efforts to avoid that the global temperature would increase 2 °C or more above the pre-industrial era by reducing their emissions to the atmosphere. As of 20 April 2017, 143 parties had ratified the Paris Agreement. In opinion of Antón Valero, Chairman of the Federation of the Spanish Chemical Industry (FEIQUE),“the most important parts of the contributions that allow to advance to an increasingly sustainable world are coming and will come in the future from a chemistry that contributes to advance through the complex challenge fixed by the Sustainable Development Goals”.